Cedar-A large tree, up to 60 metres tall when mature, with drooping branches; trunk often spreading out widely at the base.Leaves are scale-like, opposite pairs, in four rows, folded in one pair but not in the other and overlapping like shingles. Arranged on the twigs in flat, fan-like sprays. Very strong aroma. Seed cones are egg-shaped, 1 centimetre long, with several pairs of scales. Pollen cones are small and reddish.Bark is grey, stringy, tearing off in long strips on mature trees.
Big Leaf Maple- The largest maple in Canada, reaching heights of 36 metres. When it grows in the forest, it develops a narrow crown that is supported by a stem free of branches for half its length. Those growing in the open have a broad crown which is supported by a few large, spreading limbs.Leaves are deeply five-lobed and are the largest of any maple in Canada, measuring 15 to 30 centimetres across. They have only a few bluntish, wavy teeth; are shiny, dark green on top and paler underneath; and turn yellow in the fall. The leaf stalk sometimes oozes a milky substance when it is broken. Twigs and leaves emerge as pairs.
Bracken Fern-northern fern with a three part form on a tall stalk (all other large ferns have single fronds rising from the rootstalk); fronds arising singly from a deeply subterranean, much-branched rhizome; commonly found in large patches; up to 1 m high. single, horizontally growing; broad, triangle-shaped; leaflets opposite on the main axis, the lower 2 considerably larger and twice-divided, the upper ones mainly once-divided; sub-leaflets alternate, margins lobed or wavy, edges turned under; leafstalk woody.
Red Elderberry-tree like shrub growing 2–6 metres (6.6–19.7 ft) tall. The stems are soft with a pithy center.Each individual leaf is composed of 5 to 7 leaflike leaflets, each of which is up to 16 centimeters long, lance-shaped to narrowly oval, and irregularly serrated along the edges. The leaflets have a strong disagreeable odor when crushed.
The inflorescence is a vaguely cone-shaped panicle of several cymes of flowers blooming from the ends of stem branches. The flower buds are pink when closed, and the open flowers are white, cream, or yellowish. Each flower has small, recurved petals and a star-shaped axis of five white stamens tipped in yellow anthers. The flowers are fragrant and visited by hummingbirds and butterflies. The fruit is a bright red or sometimes purple drupe containing 3 to 5 seeds.
HOW TO PLAY
THIS GAME IS UP TO 4 PLAYERS
THERE ARE 52 CARDS WITH 4 COPIES OF EACH ANIMAL/PLANT
EACH CARD IS RANKED BY A NUMBER ON THE LEVEL OF ITS FOOD WEB
EACH PERSON TAKES TURN IN PLAYING DOWN A CARD
THE GOAL IS TO GET RID OF UR CARDS AS FAST AS POSSIBLE
YOU CAN PLAY 1 CARD, A PAIR, OR A STRAIGHT AS LONG AS IT HAS 3 CARDS MINIMUM
PLAYER WITH THE LOWEST CARD GOES FIRST
SUITS GO CLUBS CLOVERS DIAMONDS AND THEN HEARTS
ANY 4 OF A KIND CAN UNITE DETHRONE THE BEAR CARD.
Here are some native plant and animal species in this ecosystem
Douglas fir Coyote
Western Hemlock Douglas squirrel
Western Red Cedar Flying squirrel
Yellow Cedar Little brown bat
Sitka Spruce Grey squirrel (invasive)
Shore Pine Raccoons
Alder Rat (invasive)
Big leaf Maple Owls-Barred and Sawhet
Coast Redwoon Salmon
In the waters, it is home to many fish,amphibians and provides excellent resources for all animals living in the ecosystem. The trees provide shelter,shade and protection for some of the animals making it the perfect home for any living land creature.
A tree with holes due to a woodpeckers prescence.
There are many ecologoical interactions in this ecosystem. The many trees are a fundamental home to many animals as they provide warmth and shelter from the elements. They are also resting branches for many birds like owls and are used by squirrels,bugs and many more. Another interaction that takes places in this ecosystem involes the plants with the animals. Primary consumers like birds,squirrels, and insects eat berries and leaves from plants to grow and survive and eventually, the higher consumers will eat the them to survive. Other than shelter, animals may use the trees to escape danger or for storing food. Due to the incredible habitat, food and temperature, many invasive species live in the pacific westcoast rainforest and they include rats, species of squirrels, bullfrogs and many more including some plants. Once they are introduced to this ecosystem, they reproduce quickly and can cause a problem to the native species. Commensalism,mutualism, predation, and parasitism relationships occur in this environment.
Hummingbird drinking nectar from flower
Coyotes hunting for prey
Trees being a resting station for many birds
For our little community project, Joseph and I decided to take a little trip to visit the camosun bog at Pacific Spirit park. We were amazed to see the many species of plants and trees in the area. There was also a small pond where there were ducks and had many lillies and plants that could be perfect cover for fish underneath. I recognized that there were many species of wildlife that we went over in class and I learned how to identify plants and trees by looking at the bark and leaves. I learned to apply my knowledge that I learned in biology class and it helped me imagine what animals live in this ecosystem. There was a joyful sight as I remembered seeing hummingbirds dancing around the flowers and it made me realize to appreciate what beauty this ecosystem has as many people take it for granted and just see it as a place with trees for animals but it is way more diverse then that. In the future, I would definitely be revisiting the camosun bog just to exercise or just for the breathtaking scenary.
Central park is a 90 hectare urban park. Founded in 1891. Central park was once a naval reserve set aside as a source of masts and spars for ships of the royal navy. Central park's main attraction is the large proportion of its land reserved as well as a well-preserved temperate rainforest ecosystem.
Central park was logged in the 1890’s and huge stumps can be seen throughout the park. Since the logging, there were many trees that were planted and attracted many animals to live there. These animals include woodpeckers, sparrows, finches and crows.It is also home to the grey squirrel and douglas squirrel. There may be some coyotes as well so watch out. There are lakes in the park which are homes for mallard ducks,canadian geese and many fish. This is also home to the little brown bat that lives in douglas fir tree.
There are many plants that grow in the forest such as douglas fir, western hemlock, vine maple , spruce, elderberry, salmonberry, huckleberry, blackberry, sword fern, holly, and bracken fern.
The logs that were cut down cannot be identified by us because we cannot see the bark, but we are sure that it is either douglas fir, hemlock, cedar or some kind of conifer.
1. Tell the little ones what central park is and then tell them the history of it and how the logs were cut down.
2. Tell them about the species living in the park
3. Tell the little ones some tips on how to identify the plants, tell them to watch out for some animals and identify them.
4. After we are almost done the tour we can interact with them and play some games to test their knowledge, we can maybe play the card game.
5.Make our way back and ask them to tour us as if they were the teachers and we were the students